Linguistics is the scientific study which analyses language by observing an interplay between sound, speech, meaning, and syllables. It applies methods to conduct studies on grammatical structures that construct and form languages. Syllables, being important components of linguistics, is a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound which forms a whole or a part of a word.
Iris Berent, a Psychology professor at Northeastern University researched common sound patterns that are found in all the languages of the world. According to linguists, languages when observed are found with similar sound patterns that occur frequently. Berent says, “Patterns such as ‘bna’ are far more frequent than patterns such as ‘lba’”. This may be because of a special instinct that humans have for a language that gets reflected in their speech. This instinct, according to her, makes specific sound patterns to appear in a language. These patterns get instilled like restrictions in the minds of the speakers who do not deviate against them in their speech. This phenomenon becomes a part of cognitive psychology which is the study of mental processes including language use. Hence, she used techniques of cognition to analyse and understand the reason behind such recurring sound patterns.
Berent also studied musical idioms in the tribal songs of an ancient indigenous tribe named Huastecas. She observed how people of this tribe perceived their own music and what important properties it consisted of. Linguistics of language is simpler as compared to the study of music. The reason behind this is the larger development of linguistics as compared to notes and rhythms of music. However, according to research, music helps to develop linguistic and communication skills.
It becomes very important to understand the phonological use of language and not just its semantic use. Phonology, as observed forms the ‘building blocks’ of words that influence the patterns of speech consisting of rhythms, poetic metres, and stress patterns.