Corona Virus has spread its tentacles all across the world and is multiplying exponentially. It seems to be a witch spreading its dark magic all around with almost no control of other creatures on it except taking it as gospel truth. However, this isn’t the first virus our world has been a raven of. An umpteen number of viruses came into existence and were fought bravely by the humans. Zika virus is one of them. Richard Wamai, an assistant professor in the Department of African American Studies at Northeastern University and an expert in international global health and development expressed his opinion on the Zika virus’s history, puzzling trajectory, and public health interventions that could stem its spread.
The Zika virus was discovered in a captive monkey in Uganda in 1947 during studies sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation on yellow fever, and the first human cases were reported in 1952 in Uganda and Tanzania. Richard feels that there is a greater lack of knowledge about the Zika virus within the scientific community and the general population. Zika virus has mild symptoms and deaths due to it are very rare. It has been suspected of causing microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome, but there is no definitive proof yet, according to the World Health Organisation(WHO).
Zika virus is transmitted primarily by an infected mosquito, the Aedesaegypti. However, a couple of cases of Zika were found to be transmitted through blood and unprotected sex, which is quite atypical. Richard, on tropical diseases like Zika and dengue migrating northward, asserted, “There is no doubt that climate change contributes to the spread of mosquito-borne diseases. Warming weather expands the geographic range of disease carriers that thrive predominantly in the tropics.” He has a hunch that the viruses-like Zika Virus is a global threat and is like a wakeup call as major infectious disease outbreak is common nowadays.