Climate is the most important part of nature, the basis of human survival and development, a crucial resource, and the basic condition of sustainable economic and social development. However, the speed at which it is changing has threatened the existence of humankind on this planet. There is no doubt that climate change has been the biggest problem faced by humankind. The problem has ignited itself due to the speed at which human beings are enhancing themselves without taking care of nature. It has continued to be the hottest topic of debate both on the national as well as global stage.
The rapid growth of population and more materialistic ways of life has given rise to an era known as the era of the Anthropocene. In this era, human activities decide the future of civilisation. According to research, in the last 150 years, the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has skyrocketed increasing the temperature of the earth by absorbing more and more heat. Brian Helmuth, a professor of Environmental Science and Public Policy at Northeastern University, published a review in Climate Change Response covering the topic related to the new approach of understanding and predicting the impact of climate change. According to a study done in the year 2017, it was found that the temperature of the earth has increased by 11 degrees Celsius as compared to the pre-industrial period. Due to the rise in temperature, the extent of the Arctic sea ice decreased significantly. In 2016, the global average sea level reached a new height, approximately 82 mm higher than when satellite record began in 1993.
Future climate will be unlike the climate of the recent past but it can be kept closest to only if an approach to the way for sustainable development keeping care of the natural cycle. Advancing low-carbon development together with the energy can help to control climate change to a great extent. The global energy interconnection can build a new pattern of energy development, stimulate new activities for economic growth, and become a new approach to addressing climate change.