Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality ethnicity, language, religion. These rights include the right to life and liberty, right to work and education. It also includes freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression and many more.
These rights are moral principles or norms that describe certain standards of human behaviour. They must be regularly protected as natural and legal rights in the municipal and international law. Also by guranteeing life, liberty, equality, and security, these rights protect people against abuse by those who are more powerful.
Under the rights treaties, the governments have the primary responsibility for protecting and promoting them. However they are not solely responsible for ensuring these. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states: “Every individual and every organ of society shall strive by providing Education to promote respect for these rights and by progressive measures, national and international.” This provision means that not only the government, but also the businesses,the civil society and individuals are responsible for promoting them.
How to preserve them? While there are a number of national an international laws to protect these rights.Every person has an affirmative duty to promote and protect them. Individuals can promote these rights by participating in activities and events or by becoming a human rights lawyer or working for the human rights organisations.
In the preservation of these rights Northeastern University has also played a very prominent role.The European Public Law Organisation (EPLO) taught Northeastern University junior John Hubbard how to proactively address human rights issues around the world. In his role, Hubbard wrote six-to-eight page proposal summaries for human rights projects. It connected the EPLO with civil society organisations that are in contact with people in need. The projects covered range of issues. Which consists addressing poverty in Vietnam,helping internally displaced persons in Georgia and training judges from Croatia, Turkey and Greece in European Union laws. In this regard Hubbard said, “Being here has opened my eyes to the inequalities that people face around the world.” He also completed a co-op in Greece with EPLO. There he learned how to proactively address these rights issues worldwide.